Latest HIV Data

The Ethiopia HIV prevalence rate has reached 0.9 percent, with high prevalence rate in urban areas, reaching 3 percent.

News and Events

Latest news on HIV/AIDS, STIs, TB and health realed in Oromia, and Ethiopia as well

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Info and Statsics

 

The Adama AIDS Resource Center (AARC) is the primer source of information on HIV/AIDS...

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FAQ

The most frequently asked questions about HIV/AIDS, STI, TB, and health related in English....

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New Arrivals

 

The Adama AIDS Resource Center (AARC) is the primer source of information on HIV/AIDS...

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Adama ARC

The Adama AIDS Resource Center (AARC) is the primer source of information on HIV/AIDS...

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June 25 2020

The Below Listed Information Education Communication/Behavioral Change Communication IEC/BCC Materials Are Published And Ready To Be Distributed To The Community. These Three Publications Composed Not Only HIV/AIDS Issues, But Also About The Current Pandemic Entitled COVID-19.

§  Dargaggoota  fi HIV/AIDS

§  HIV fi  Dubartii Mana Bunaa

                         HIV fi Humna Waraana 

24 March 2020

 

This video is very helpful for every individual to prevent himself and others from Corona virus (COVID-19

 

 

18 March 2020

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus

Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands frequently

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain social distancing

Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Practice respiratory hygiene

Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately.

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early

Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority.

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections

 

FAQs [ Frequently Asked Questions]  about Coronavirus and COVID-19

What is coronavirus? What is COVID-19?
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
What can I do to prevent myself and others from getting coronavirus?
How can I prepare myself and family for possible quarantine or isolation?
What should I do if I feel sick?
If a loved one gets sick, how can I care for them?
What do phrases like "community spread" and "social distancing" mean?
Questions about coronavirus or COVID-19? Click here.

 

 

17 March 2020

Waa'ee  Coronavirus fi COVID-19

Deebii Gaaffilee Keessanii:

VII. Ka'umsi vaayirasii kanaa maaliidha/eessaa ka'ee?

Dhukkubni VaayirasiiKoronaa yeroo ammaa muldhachaa jiru (COVID-19) kun biyya Chaayinaa, magaalaa Wuhan jedhamtu keessatti ji'a lama hardhaa addaan bahe. Dhukkubsatoonni jalqaba mana yaalaa geeffaman ammoo gabaa foon beeyiladootafi bineensota, akkasumas qurxummii kan "Huanan Wholesale Seafood Market" keessa hojjataniifi achii fayyadamaniidha. Bifa foonii gurguramaa ture keessaa kamtu vaayirasii kana fide kan jedhu sirritti adda bahuu baatullee, qorannoo qacee sanyii vaayirasichaa irraa jalqa Sinbira Halkanii irraa dhuufuu akka hin oolle shakkama. Vaayirasichi san booda nama irraa gara namaa daddarbaa jira.


VIII. Vaayirasichi haala kamiin nama irraa gara namaatti daddarba?

Dhukkubni VaayirasiiKorona (COVID-19) kun hariiroo qaaman namni wolitti dhihaatee godhuun nama vaayirasicha qabu irra gara nama hin qabneetti darba. Namni dhukkubicha qabu yoo qufa'uufi haxxifatu, haxxifannaaf qufaa san wojji vaayirasichi gara alaa bahuun keessattu nama fageenya dhihoo meetiri tokko gadii jiru yeroo ol harganu seena jechuudha. Haala kanaan namoota mana tokko keessa jiraatan, konkolaata tokko keessa yeroo dheeraf woliin turan jiddutti carraan kara kanaan daddarbuu isaa guddaadha. Dabalataan waan nami sun itti qufa'e ykn haxxifate, hancufni isaa tuqe tasa harkaan tuqanii san booda harkuma sanii afaan, funyaaniifi ija tuttuqan karaa kanaanis ni daddarba.

IX. Namoota akkimiituu irra miidhama ykn isaan kamtu daran saaxilamoodha?

COVID-19 miidhaa erga ammaa geesse irraa yoo ilaallu namoota kaan caalaa isaan armaan gadii kun carraa isaan dhukkubichaan miidhamuufi du'uu isaanii kan nama biroo irraa xiqqoo olka'aadha.

 

Jaarsotaafi jaartolee umriin isaa woggaa 60 olta'e (adaduma umrii dabaluun carraan dhukkuba kanaan miidhamus dabala).

Namoota Dhukkuba Sukkaaraa qaban

Namoota Dhukkuba Dhiibbaa Dhiigaa qaban

 Namoota Dhukkuba Onnee qaban

Namoota Dhukkuba Sirna Hargansuu yeroo dheeraf nama irra turu qabaniifi

Isaan Kaansarii qaban irratti, nama kaan caalaa miidhaa ni qaqqabsiisa.

Hub:

Namoota dhukkuba kana qaban qofa huba jechuu kiyyaa miti. Isaan dhukkuba kana qaban hin dandamatan jechuu kiyyas miti. Garuu namoota kaan caalaa carraan miidhamuu isaani olka'aadha.

Ragaa erga ammaa jirun umrii 18 gadi kan Dhukkuba COVID-19 kanaan qabaman %2.4 qofa.

©Dr. Nuredin L.

 

6 March 2020

A more convenient, monthly treatment for HIV cleared a key hurdle

People living with HIV are one step closer to having a once-a-month treatment alternative to downing two or more pills a day.

There is no cure for HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. But combination antiretroviral therapy, or ART, can effectively halt the replication of the virus, nearly eliminating it from the bloodstream and prolonging life expectancy (SN: 11/15/19). For the therapy to work, though, people must stick to a daily regimen of two or more pills, which experts say can be a challenge for many.

Read more

 

 

5 March 2020

 

HIV reservoirs in humans: Immediate antiretroviral therapy makes them 100 times smaller

HIV hides in reservoirs during antiretroviral therapy (ART). These viral sanctuaries are the reason why ART is not a cure. And research teams have striven for years to determine how the HIV reservoirs are established and maintained during ART. Thanks to an unprecedented access to blood, and biopsies of rectums and lymph nodes of people at the earliest stages of HIV infection, an international team of researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), the U.S. Military HIV Research Program and the Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre has shown that the first established reservoirs are still "sensitive" during these early stages and could be downsized about 100 times upon immediate ART initiation.

Read more

 

28 February 2020

1 March is…

Zero Discrimination Day

On Zero Discrimination Day this year, UNAIDS is challenging the discrimination faced by women and girls in all their diversity in order to raise awareness and mobilize action to promote equality and empowerment for women and girls.

 

Although some countries have made laudable progress towards greater gender equality, discrimination against women and girls still exists everywhere. Intersecting with other forms of discrimination—based, for example, on income, race, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation or gender identity—these rights violations disproportionately harm women and girls. Ultimately, gender inequality affects everyone’s health and well-being. In many countries, laws that discriminate against women and girls remain in force, while laws that uphold women’s basic rights and protect them against harm and unequal treatment are far from the norm.

 

 

20 February 2020

Scientists identify new human genes controlling HIV infection

Viruses are parasites. The only way they can grow is by hijacking their hosts. When they infect a human host, viruses use human proteins to multiply and modify the human cells to sustain the infection. At the same time, the human host activates defense mechanisms to fight the infection.

 

Most current drugs against viral infections target the virus itself. But scientists are interested in developing therapies that aim for host proteins instead, or the genes that produce them, in part because such therapies are believed less likely to elicit drug resistance. A detailed understanding of virus-host interactions is crucial to the success of this strategy.

Read more

14 February 2020

 

Highly active HIV antibody restricts development of viral resistance

January 31, 2020

German Center for Infection Research

A research team has identified a new highly active antibody targeting HIV. Whereas the development of viral resistance limits the efficacy of previously described HIV antibodies, the newly identified antibody 1-18 can continuously suppress viral replication. 1-18 there-fore has high potential for successful application in the prevention and treatment of HIV infection

Read more

 

6 February 2020 

Mathematicians develop a model of the movement of immune cells

by RUDN University

 Credit: RUDN University

 

Mathematicians from RUDN University have developed a computational model that allows predicting the mobility of T-lymphocytes, immune cells that recognize and destroy viruses. The model will help in the treatment of immune system disorders, including those that can lead to cancer, and in the development of HIV vaccines. The study was published in Frontiers in Immunology.

 

Read more

 

30 January 2020

 

UNC researchers contribute to breakthrough in HIV cure research

A collaboration between UNC, Emory University and Qura Therapeutics has allowed for a breakthrough in HIV cure research.

The new research at UNC's HIV Cure Center involves a discovery that could reveal and reactivate latent cells, which when paired with clearance strategies have the potential to purge the HIV reservoir and achieve a cure. 

To read more click   https://www.dailytarheel.com/article/2020/01/hiv-researchers-0128

 

 

 

January 2, 2020

The Adama ARC distributed condoms and IEC/BCC materials to three pensions, named Kifle Selam, Imperial, and Green House. The condoms and IEC/BCC materials are to be kept and read by bar ladies and their partners for the just purpose of HIV prevention.

 

Decemeber 27, 2019

 

The Oromia Health Bureau [HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Directorate] produced four posters in Afan Oromo regarding World AIDS Day 2019 which was commemorated in Jimma, Ethiopia. The theme of the event was “ Hawaasni Humna Jijjiiramaati!” meaning Communities make the difference. Therefore, it recognizes the vital role of communities in supporting and educating at a local level, helping to deliver services at a regional level and raising awareness at national level.

 

 

December 24, 2019

 

The below mentioned flyers (SDI 2 2012 and SDI 3 2012) are compiled to high school students.  SDI2 2012 is about friendship, of which the students can get some understanding about good friends versus bad friends with particular reference to health perspectives. SDI 3 2012 is about how students can prevent themselves from HIV infections.

 

 

 

SDI -2/2012 

 SDI-3/2012

 

13 December 2019 

 

This is SDI 1/2012 [Selective Dissemination of Information] complied by the ARC for the anti-HIV/AIDS club of high schools.  It will be posted on the notice board of each and every high school in order that the students can read and get some understanding about the purpose of being abstained from any sexually intercourse.  It is clear that abstinence is the first choice of HIV prevention.

 

download PDF

 

5 December 2019

Similar to other high school anti HIV/AIDS clubs, the Dambala High School Anti-HIV/AIDS Club members made educational visits to the Adama AIDS Resource Center on 4 December 2019. 

 

 

2 December 2019

The World AIDS Day of 2019 recognizes the vital role of communities in HIV prevention and improving the well being of people living with HIV/AIDS. By putting communities at the center, we can achieve zero HIV infections, zero AIDS-related deaths and stigma and discrimination.

As such, the Adama AIDS Resource Center commemorated the World AIDS Day of 2019 with the Ethiopia Federal Police Force, East Division Third Battalion Personnel in the resource center library on December 1, 2019.

 

Under the theme of “Communities make the difference”, the staffs took part in the discussion, and promised to take active participation and measures for the just purpose of the HIV prevention in their battalion.

 

 

 

World AIDS Day 2019

Communities make the difference

Hawaasni Humna Jijjirramaati

 ማህበረሰብ የለውጥ አቅም ነው

 

8 November 2019

The Adama HIV/AIDS Resource center  has compiled for  Question and Answer  booklet on HIV/AIDS for youths, They are prepared by Afan Oromo  and Amaric as well.

 

 

 

 October 11, 2019

 

CRISPR gene editing can create cells immune to HIV 

 

Transplanted cells persist for 19 months in man with HIV but don't appear to control  HIV  when  treatment stops

                                                                                                                                             

CRISPR gene editing was safe and moderately effective in introducing stem cells that lacked the CCR5 receptor and were immune to HIV infection after chemotherapy eradicated the immune system of a man with HIV and acute lymphocytic leukaemia, Chinese researchers report in The New England Journal of Medicine this week.

 Read more

 

 

4 September 2019

The Global AIDS Update 2012 

29 August 2019

Read more

 28 August 2019

 Newly developed approach shows promise in silencing HIV infection

Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered a new potential medication that works with an HIV-infected person's own body to further suppress the ever present but silent virus that available HIV treatments are unable to combat.

Although the potential new drug could complement the current HIV anti-retroviral therapy (ART) medications, it may also be possible that it could lead to HIV remission without a lifetime of taking ART medications. The findings are published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

The HIV virus gets integrated into the infected person's genetic coding and establishes a constant dormant infection, creating a big treatment challenge. Because of this, current ART medications fail to cure the virus and when someone stops the drug, the virus almost always begins to multiply and wreak havoc. Drug resistance is also a public health issue with the ART medications. Being able to induce a sustained HIV remission free of ART is an important goal for HIV treatment.

"We are the first to show that human BRD4 protein and its associated machinery can be harnessed to suppress dormant HIV," said senior author Haitao Hu, UTMB assistant professor in the department of microbiology and immunology. "Our findings are exciting because they not only improve our understanding of the biology of HIV epigenetic regulation, they also present a promising approach for the development of probes and/or therapeutic agents for HIV silencing, hopefully leading to cure of the virus eventually."

Read more

 August 23, 2019

  FACT SHEET – GLOBAL AIDS UPDATE 2019

                                        2018 GLOBAL HIV STATISTICS

    ·        37.9 million [32.7 million–44.0 million] people globally were living with HIV.

·         23.3 million [20.5 million–24.3 million] people were accessing antiretroviral therapy.

·         1.7 million [1.4 million–2.3 million] people became newly infected with HIV.

·         770 000 [570 000–1.1 million] people died from AIDS-related illnesses.

·         74.9 million [58.3 million–98.1 million] people have become infected with HIV since the start of the epidemic.

·         32.0 million [23.6 million–43.8 million] people have died from AIDS-related illnesses since the start of the epidemic.

            Read More

 July 29, 2019

The staff of Adama ARC planted 400 seedlings  in their compound as part of Green Ethiopian Campaign on July 29. 2019.

 July 2, 2019

 

HIV Eliminated from the Genomes of Living Animals

 July 2, 2019 — Researchers have for the first time eliminated replication-competent HIV-1 DNA -- the virus responsible for AIDS -- from the genomes of living animals. The study marks a ... read more

 May 31, 2019

 The Adama ARC distributed condoms and IEC/BCC materials for four hotels. Totally, it was enabled to distribute 1300 IEC/BCC and 15, 264 condoms for 17 hotels and one military camp in last four months.

 April 30, 2019

 According to the Annual Plan of 2011 in E.C., the Adama ARC produced two IEC/BCC materials entitled as

 Maatiin Bu'uura Fayyaa Qabbeessuumaatti [ Brochure] 

 Akkaataa Itti Fayyadamiinsa Kondoommii [ Leaflet]

The two materials was prepared in Afaan Oromo and Amharic as well.

Several governmental and non governmental organizations have got these brochures and leaflets. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 March 27, 2019

No matter who you are, this test is for you

Testing is an important step toward staying healthy

You can protect your health with three important steps:

1.      Get regular checkups.

2.      Get tested to make sure you don’t have any diseases that you don’t know about, like HIV.

3.      Follow your health care provider’s advice.

 For more information click    No matter who you are, this test is for you

March 26,2019

 The London patient: "A critical moment in the search for an HIV cure."

Experts are extremely hopeful after a second man, who has subsequently been dubbed the 'London patient', was 'functionally cured' of HIV after undergoing a stem cell transplant

The president of the International Aids Society on Tuesday hailed the news that a second person was reported to be HIV-free, after a stem cell transplant, as a critical moment in the search for an HIV cure for the disease.

For more Information   The London patient: "A critical moment in the search for an HIV cure."

 March 19. 2019 

The Adama ARC has distributed 9, 792 condoms and 800 IEC/BCC materials to 15 hotels and one military camp.

 March 5, 2010

500 IEC/BCC materials and 7776 condoms have been given to 10 hotels and pensions so far.

 February 22, 2019

The AARC distributed IEC/BCC materials and condoms to four more hotels. These hotels are located in kebele 06 , Adama

  • Mati Hotel
  • Achamelesh Hotel
  • Rimon Pension
  • West Wellega Hotel 

February 21, 2019

Today, the AARC has distributed some IEC/BCC materials and condoms to three more hotels in Adama.Terefe Pension, Sina Pension, and Imperial Hotel have been given these materials to put them in the bedrooms to be used by their respective customers.

 

 Providing Condoms to Terefe Pension

 IEC/BCC displayed at bedrooms of Terefe Pension.

 February 19/2019

The Public Service and Human Development Department of East Shewa gave training on the new public service reforms to the Adama AIDS Resource Center. The training was given  for two consecutive days in the AARC.

 

 

January 2019

The Adama AIDS Resource Center has distributed condoms and  IEC/BCC

materials to four hotels that are supposed to be where sexual practices have been taken

place frequently.

The four hotels are:

1.      Millennium Hotel, located near The New Bus Stations

2.     Oromia Hotel near the Addis Ababa Bus Station

3.     ALmaz Pension around the Addis Ababa Bus Station

4.     Kifle Selam Hotel is located in kebele 15 [ locally known for the places where bar ladies are doing business]

 This was undertaken from 21/05/2011 t0 22/05/2011

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                  World AIDS Day 2018

In collaboration with Adama City Health Office and Trans Ethiopia, the Adama AIDS Resource Center undertook  World AIDS Day Campaign from 17/03/2011 to 22/03/2011 at Trans Ethiopia Compound in Adama, Ethiopia.

Having the current World AIDs Day theme “Know your status”, the AARC set three objectives

1.     To commemorate those citizens who lost their lives due to HIV/AIDS epidemic

2.     To Provide the Trans Ethiopia Community the required awareness on HIV/AIDS prevention

3.     To initiate the community to participate in the voluntary and counseling testing [VCT]

     Accordingly, the management of the Trans Ethiopia has done a great deal of job by preparing the event, and mobilizing their long distance drivers to take part on the campaign.  

Obbo Mahadi Yasin the head expert of HIV/AIDS prevention and Control in Adama City Health Office gave the audiences the desirable awareness on HIV/AIDS prevention. He also gave the answers to the questions raised from the participants.

Finally, the volunteered participants went through HIV Testing [VCT]. It was possible to screen the blood of individuals for their  HIV status.

 

 

 

 

 

 

03/12/2018

 Experimental HIV vaccine shows promise in early trial

Scientists have created an experimental HIV vaccine that is able to neutralize HIV in animals.

 For more Information: click on ......Experimental HIV Vaccine Shows Promising Result

Psted August 7, 2018

90-90-90: An ambitious treatment target to help end the AIDS epidemic

 By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status. By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy. By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression

Download 90–90–90 - An ambitious treatment target to help end the AIDS epidemic

Posted August 8, 2018

 The Adama AIDS Resource Center produced a new IES/BCC brochure on  on April 2018.

The below listed brochures were prepared on importance of abstinence.

 

 WORLD AIDS DAY 2017

The Adama AIDS Resource Center, in collaboration with Adama City Health Office undertake World AIDS Day campaign at East Shewa Prison from 28 November 2017 to 1 December 2017.

The main objectives of the campaign were:

  1. To commemorate those millions citizens who died due to HIV/AIDS, and show our solidarity with people living with HIV/AIDS.
  2. To give awareness on HIV/AIDS for prison inmates on the major risks of homo sexual practices in prison.
  3. To undertake VCT [Voluntary Counseling and Testing] for prisoners.

According to the Ethiopian Multi-sectored HIV/AIDs Response Strategy, all health facilities and organizations ought to work on MARPS [Most AT Risk Peoples] to bring the desirable behavioral change in combating and preventing HIV/AIDS epidemic. Prisons are one of those considered as MARPS.

Obbo Mehadi Yasin, the HIV/AIDS expert from Adama City Health Office gave the inmates HIV/AIDS awareness, particularly on the HIV/AIDs risks of home sexual practices. After question and answers sessions with the prisoners, the VCT program was begun, and a large number of inmates screened their blood for HIV test.

                

 the first brochur produced by Adama ARC on October 2017

Addis Abeba – October 06/2017 – Accurate data on the number of Ethiopians who have died of HIV/AIDS in the last three decades in Ethiopia are hard to come bay, but according to an estimate by the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (FHAPCO), there were on average 19,743 deaths every year, which left behind about 247,250 children orphaned.

Following its official discovery in 1984, HIV/AIDS has seen a rapid spread all over Ethiopia, putting the lives of millions at risk directly or indirectly. Owing to lack of awareness, similar trend is seen in many countries in Africa and Asia.

Like many of these countries, Ethiopia’s fight against HIV/AIDS is one of the few highly paid for projects by western donors, which includes the over US$2 billion contribution by the U.S. government through its program called ‘President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)’, making it the ever largest donation coming to the country for HIV/AIDS purpose. Owing to similar coordinated efforts, the spread of the virus has seen a decline over the last two decades especially in urban areas.

The prevalence

The WHO data reveals that up until the end of 2016 more than 70 million people worldwide have been infected with HIV/AIDS of whom about 35 million have died of HIV/AIDS and related complications. Currently, Sub-Saharan African is home to about 36.7 million people living with the virus, making it the most affected in the world.

Data from FHAPCO indicates that there are over 718,550 people living with HIV in Ethiopia alone, a little over 1.18% of the population. According the globally accepted consensus, if the total number of HIV infected people in a given country exceeds the one per cent threshold of the population, that country is considered to be under category of ‘outbreak of the virus.’

The 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey (DHS) reveals that around 56% of the women and 55% of the men among the surveyed household have never been tested for HIV, an indication the the current number of HIV positives in the country could be a lot more had all the population been tested. And, despite the existence of the large number of people living with HIV/AIDS, only 72% of them are thought to be aware that they are living with the virus; the remaining 28% think they are not infected.

Dr. Achamyeleh Alebachew, Acting Director of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating Directorate of FHAPCO, told Addis Standard that during the 90s and 2000s the number of HIV infected people was so high that among all the patients admitted to hospitals 1/3 to half tested positive for the virus.

Although the spread of the virus has seen a significant decrease Ethiopia could not able to join the top five African countries to approach to control the HIV epidemic until 2020. According to a recent statement from PEPFAR, Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe are the top 5 African countries where HIV epidemic is coming under control. And as of late, optimism was replaced by talk of the resurgence of the virus, especially among urban population and among university students, throughout the country.

 

                                                         Read more   

AARC Library Databse

Clcik on the below-linked page

https://aarc.librarika.com

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